Wednesday, 23 November 2011

Reptile


Reptile



Animals that have scales and the ability to creep are called Reptiles. Since the animals have the ability to creep they got the name Reptiles 


Reptiles are cold blooded animals that live on the world since the Dinosaurs period. The Dinosaurs is the biggest and the extinct species of the reptiles.

Today about 6500 species of reptiles survive in the world. Those include crocodiles, snakes, lizards and turtles. 

Reptiles are covered with scales to protect themselves. Reptiles are capable of living on both land and in water. The body structure of the reptiles is designed to make them adapt to survive both on land and in water. 

The feet of the reptiles have claws in their toes and the body is covered with scaly skins.

So what makes a reptile a reptile? 

The two biggest clues are:
   1) they are cold-blooded, and
   2) they are covered in scales.

Reptiles are cold blooded animals. They regulate their body temperature by adapting to the outside temperatures. To keep them warm they stay in the sun and to keep them cold they stay in the water or hide under the ground or rock. Reptiles are air breathing animals and give birth to the young one by laying eggs. Usually reptiles breathe through lungs but sometimes they can suck up oxygen in the water through the membranes present in the mouth. Being cold-blooded means that their bodies react to the temperature of their surroundings. When they get too warm, they can go into the water or shade to cool off. 

When they get too cold they can hang out in the sun to warm themselves up.
Some creatures that belong to the reptile group of animals are snakes, alligators, crocodiles, tortoises, lizards, etc.
Scales protect their bodies.
Scales can be hard or soft, large or small.

Reptiles are born on land and are born with strong instincts, so they are on their own at birth.  Just think, no parents to nag them about cleaning their rooms!

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